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Location and population officially the Republic of Poland- is located in Central Europe. Poland is bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north. The total area of Poland is 312,679 km², making it the 69th largest country in the world and the 9th largest in Europe. Poland has a population of over 38 million people.


Sea is bordered with Baltic Sea to the north. It’s a brackish inland sea with sandy beaches.

Rivers and lakes

The longest rivers in Poland are Vistula River (Wisła)- 1047km, Odra River 854km (but in Poland 742km) and Warta River - 808km. The biggest lakes in Poland are Lake Śniardwy 113,8 km² and Lake Mamry 104 km² in Masuria. The lake with the greatest depth is Lake Hańcza 108,5m.

Mountains in Poland are in the south of the country. The Carpathian Mountains are a range of mountains forming an arc of roughly 1,500 km across Central and Eastern Europe, making them the largest mountain range in Europe. Polish Tatra mountains are a part of them.Their highest peak is Rysy 2499m . It’s the highest peak in Poland.The Sudetes is a mountain range in the south- west of Poland. The highest mountain is Śnieżka in the Karkonosze Mountains on the Czech-Polish border.  


The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country. The climate is oceanic in the north and west and becomes gradually warmer and continental as one moves south and east. Summers are generally warm, with average temperatures between 20 °C  and 27 °C . Winters are cold, with average temperatures around 3 °C in the northwest and −8 °C in the northeast.

Religion in Poland Poles—approximately 89%—are members of the Roman Catholic Church. Religious minorities include Polish Orthodox (about 506,800),various Protestants (about 150,000),Jehovah's Witnesses (126,827), Eastern Catholics, Mariavites, Polish Catholics, Jews, and Muslims (including the Tatars of Bialystok). Members of Protestant churches include about 77,500 in the largest Evangelical-Augsburg Church, and a similar number in smaller Pentecostal and Evangelical churches.
The church aside is St. Mary’s Basilica in Kraków it’s a Brick Gothic church built in 14th century adjacent to the Main Market Square in Kraków.


Warsaw is the capital and the largest city of Poland. It’s located on the Vistula River. The city area is 516,9 km², the population is 2,785,000. Warsaw is the 8th largest city in the European Union. There are lot of beautiful old monuments and modern skyscrapers.